top of page

Circular Design Revolution: Minimising Waste in Construction and Fit-Outs

The construction and fit-out sectors in the UK are experiencing a significant change towards sustainability, driven by circular design principles.


This innovative approach aims to reduce waste and maximise resource efficiency throughout the lifecycle of buildings, from construction to renovation and eventual deconstruction.


constructions - sunset

As environmental concerns grow and regulatory pressures increase, adopting circular design is an ethical choice and an economic necessity.


What is Circular Design?


Circular design in construction and fit-outs focuses on creating systems where materials are continuously reused, repurposed, and recycled. Unlike the traditional linear model of take, make, and dispose, circular design promotes a regenerative process that significantly reduces the environmental footprint of building projects.


Key strategies include:


  • Design for Disassembly: Buildings are designed for easy disassembly and material recovery at the end of their life.

  • Material Selection: Prioritising the use of sustainable, recyclable, and non-toxic materials.

  • Modular Construction: Employing prefabricated modules that can be easily reconfigured or reused in other projects.


How will circular design benefit the construction industry?

construction waste

The UK construction industry produces approximately 100 million tonnes of waste each year, according to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), and a significant amount of it is disposed of in landfills.


Embracing circular design can significantly reduce waste, lower carbon emissions, and preserve natural resources.


Our Contribution to Circular Design


As a leader in washroom designs, we demonstrate circular design principles through our dedication to sustainability.


We recently launched the first and only full carbon-neutral washroom range in the UK in an effort to reduce our carbon footprint and contribute to net-zero buildings.


And, we also launched the first Bamboo Cubicle Range, Mivera. As a renewable, super-material, Bamboo is the natural choice for specifying sustainable choices.

Mivera bamboo cubicles from Maxwood Washrooms

How do we minimise waste in the fit-out process?


  • Reusing Pallets: We reuse all good quality pallets, significantly reducing energy consumption, delivery costs, and manufacturing impacts. This practice not only conserves resources but also exemplifies our company’s dedication to reducing its carbon footprint.

  • Biomass Boiler: We incinerate all wood-based waste in a computer-controlled biomass boiler. This process is carefully managed to prevent harmful emissions, converting waste into energy and ensuring a sustainable cycle of resource use.


Economic and Regulatory Drivers


One of the main reasons for this shift towards circular design is economic incentives. As raw materials become scarcer and more expensive, reusing and recycling building materials can result in significant cost savings.


Additionally, the UK government has set ambitious targets to reduce carbon emissions and increase recycling rates. The introduction of stricter regulations and sustainability certifications is encouraging companies to innovate and adopt circular practices.


Pioneering Low Carbon Buildings & Innovations


The UK has several pioneering projects that highlight the potential of circular design.


For example, in Manchester, the Bright Building features modular components that can be repurposed, demonstrating the flexibility and efficiency of circular design.


Since 2022, all their buildings have net zero in construction and operation in common areas. 

Also, this year, in 2024, they are developing sustainable options for all customer fit-outs they manage.

Manchester, UK

One important innovation that has revolutionised the construction industry is the Building Information Modeling (BIM). BIM enables precise planning and material tracking throughout a building’s lifecycle, improving the ability to efficiently reclaim and reuse resources.


Challenges & How to Overcome Them


The transition to circular design has many benefits, but it also presents challenges. Adopting new technologies and processes comes with significant upfront costs. Additionally, the industry needs a cultural shift to prioritise long-term sustainability over short-term gains.


To speed up this transition, collaboration across the supply chain is crucial. Designers, builders, and suppliers need to work together to create and adhere to circular principles. Furthermore, education and training programmes can equip professionals with the necessary skills and knowledge.



The circular design revolution holds immense promise for minimising waste and promoting sustainability in the UK construction and fit-out sectors. As the industry continues to evolve, embracing these principles will not only help mitigate environmental impacts but also drive economic growth and innovation. The future of construction lies in building not just for today, but with a vision for a sustainable tomorrow.


Upcoming projects? Contact us for carbon-free washroom designs and take a step closer to carbon neutrality and net-zero constructions!


bottom of page